Clinical research
Decreased fertility in poor responder women is not related to oocyte morphological status
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Submission date: 2010-05-31
Final revision date: 2010-06-21
Acceptance date: 2010-06-24
Online publication date: 2011-05-17
Publication date: 2011-05-17
Arch Med Sci 2011;7(2):315-320
Introduction : In women showing impaired fertility, a decreased response to ovarian stimulation is a major problem, limiting the number of oocytes to be used for assisted reproduction techniques (ART). Despite the several definitions of poor response, it is still a matter of debate whether young poor responder patients also show a decrease in oocyte quality. The objective in this study was to investigate whether poor ovarian response to the superstimulation protocol is accompanied by impaired oocyte quality.
Material and methods: This study included 313 patients younger than 35 years old, undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Patients with four or fewer MII oocytes (poor-responder group, PR, n = 57) were age-matched with normoresponder patients (NR, n = 256).
Results : A higher rate of oocyte retrieval and a trend towards an increase in MII oocyte rate were observed in the NR group when compared to the PR group (71.6 ±1.1% and 74.1 ±1.0% vs. 56.3 ±2.9% and 66.5 ±3.7%; p < 0.0001 and p = 0.056, respectively). A trend toward increased implantation rates was observed in the NR group when compared to the PR group (44 and 24.5 ±2.0% vs. 28.8 and 16.4 ±3.9%; p = 0.0305 and p = 0.0651, respectively).
Conclusions : Low response to ovarian stimulation is apparently not related to impaired oocyte quality. However, embryos produced from poor responder oocytes show impaired capacity to implant and to carry a pregnancy to term.
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