Clinical research
Implantation of additional subcutaneous array electrode reduces defibrillation threshold in ICD patients – preliminary results
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Submission date: 2012-01-12
Final revision date: 2012-11-30
Acceptance date: 2012-11-30
Online publication date: 2013-06-21
Publication date: 2013-06-01
Arch Med Sci 2013;9(3):440–444
Introduction: Among the recipients of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs), there is a group of patients in whom the defibrillation threshold (DFT) is too high to enable a sufficient safety margin between the DFT and the maximal available output of the device. The aim of the study was to investigate the ability of an additionally implanted single-coil subcutaneous array electrode to reduce the DFT in such patients.
Material and methods: Medtronic 6996SQ electrode was implanted in 15 patients selected from our follow-up group of 741 ICD patients: 10 of them had insufficient post-implant DFT safety margin, and 5 had ineffective first maximal energy shock as recorded by the device. In 6 cases the patients had CRT-D devices, in 5 cases – dual-chamber ICDs, and in 4 cases – single-chamber ICDs. In all patients but one the defibrillating electrode was single-coil. In one patient it was dual-coil. The underlying disease was coronary artery disease in 10 patients, dilated cardiomyopathy in 4 patients and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in 1 patient.
Results: The subcutaneous electrode was successfully implanted in all the patients qualified for the procedure. No technical issues or perioperative complications were observed. Mean DFT was reduced from 33.3 ±4.1 J before the procedure to 25.3 ±4.4 J after the implantation procedure (p < 0.01).
Conclusions: Our results show that the use of a single-coil subcutaneous electrode to reduce the DFT is a safe and effective procedure. Further studies are necessary to confirm these results.