Clinical research
The association of an adenine insertion variant in the 5' UTR of the endothelin-1 gene with hypertension and orthostatic hypotension
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Submission date: 2011-04-28
Final revision date: 2011-11-25
Acceptance date: 2012-01-07
Online publication date: 2012-05-09
Publication date: 2012-04-30
Arch Med Sci 2012;8(2):219–226
Introduction: An adenine insertion polymorphism in the 5' untranslated region of the endothelin-1 gene is functional and increases the expression of endothelin mRNA and protein in the insertion homozygote. In the present study we hypothesized that this functional polymorphism might be associated with hypertension and/or orthostatic hypotension.
Material and methods: The adenine insertion polymorphism was genotyped in 381 untreated hypertensive patients and 298 normotensive subjects, all of whom underwent an upright posture study for orthostatic blood pressure measurements. Orthostatic hypotension was defined as a drop in blood pressure of 20/10 mm Hg or more within 3 min of assuming the upright posture.
Results: The allele frequency of the adenine insertion was similar in hypertensive and normotensive subjects (15.2% vs. 15.3%, p > 0.05). After adjustment for age, sex and body mass index, blood pressure levels did not differ significantly among the genotypes in both hypertensives and normotensives. No associations were found between the distribution of the adenine insertion genotypes and the risk of orthostatic hypotension in both hypertensive patients and normotensive subjects even after adjustment for demographic parameters and supine systolic or diastolic blood pressure. Neither hypertensive nor normotensive subjects showed significant differences in orthostatic systolic or diastolic blood pressure changes among the genotype groups (all p > 0.05).
Conclusions: We concluded that the functional adenine insertion polymorphism in the endothelin-1 gene is not associated with either hypertension or orthostatic hypotension risk in Chinese.