Clinical research
The effects of botulinum toxin type A on improvement and dynamic spastic equinus correction in children with cerebral palsy – preliminary results
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Submission date: 2012-02-21
Final revision date: 2012-07-07
Acceptance date: 2012-07-08
Online publication date: 2014-10-23
Publication date: 2014-10-31
Arch Med Sci 2014;10(5):979-984
Introduction: We evaluated the effects of botulinum toxin type A (BTA) with physical therapy on dynamic foot equinus correction and higher motor functional outcome in children with spastic type of cerebral palsy (CP).
Material and methods: Ankle joint active and passive movement, gastrocnemial muscle spasticity levels (Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS)), and higher motor functional status (Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) (GMFM-D – standing and GMFM-E – walking) were assessed before treatment and 3, 8, 16 weeks and 6 months after BTA administration in 12 children.
Results: There was a significant improvement of active (initial – (–)13.07 ±5.78; 6 months – (–)10.64 ±4.77; p < 0.001) and passive (initial – 4.21 ±2.29; 6 months – 4.71 ±2.16; p < 0.05) ankle joint foot dorsiflexion. GMFM-D and GMFM-E were significantly higher after 3, 8, 16 weeks (p < 0.001) and GMFM-D after 6 months (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: Botulinum toxin type A administration and physical therapy in patients with spastic CP improves the motion range of dynamic foot equinus after 3 weeks and higher motor functional outcome (standing and walking).
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