Public health
Differences in the use of outsourcing in public and private institutions providing medical services
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Submission date: 2012-08-24
Final revision date: 2012-10-30
Acceptance date: 2012-12-01
Online publication date: 2014-06-27
Publication date: 2014-06-30
Arch Med Sci 2014;10(3):618–629
Introduction: The costs of health care in Poland are continuously increasing. Thus, almost every institution providing medical services aims at their limitation. One of the costs rationalisation methods in the health care sector is outsourcing.
Material and methods: The study was conducted in 153 randomly selected institutions providing medical activities. The tool was a questionnaire, available via a web browser.
Results: Over 30% of public institutions identified the need for financial savings, as the main reason for outsourcing the cleaning function. Among private institutions, the dominant reason for this is too high maintenance cost of the cleaning staff (less than 40% of responses). The huge number of medical institutions use the services of an external company for laundering. Over 30% of public institutions identified as the most common reason for separation of functions laundering lack of resources to upgrade and modernize facilities. Less than 27% of public institutions indicate too high costs of kitchen staff as the main reason for ordering function of feeding. Another reason is the need for financial savings (22% response rate). Some institutions indicate a desire to focus on key areas (20% of responses) and lack of financial resources to upgrade and modernize the kitchen (20% response rate). Public and private institutions exercise control over the quality and method performed by an external service (71% of public institutions and 59% of private institutions). Private institutions often informally exercise external control (difference confirmed – Fisher’s exact test). Less than 90% of public institutions indicated satisfaction with the services provided by external companies.
Conclusions: The adaptation of outsourcing in medical facilities leads to financial efficiency improvement. Through the separation of some medical functions and entrusting their realisation to external companies, medical institutions can focus on their basic activity that is the provision of health services.