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Contemporary role of medical genetics in internal medicine
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Submission date: 2011-10-24
Final revision date: 2012-02-08
Acceptance date: 2012-03-11
Online publication date: 2013-04-30
Publication date: 2013-08-31
Arch Med Sci 2013;9(4):594–600
Molecular biology and medical genetics, one of the most dynamically developing fields of medicine, nowadays is also a base for development of basic and clinical research in internal medicine. Understanding of crucial genetic pathomechanisms of many common diseases was possible due to the newest and modern molecular methods and tools. Moreover, development of genetics also made possible the discovery and understanding of the pathogenesis of many different diseases. However, not so long ago, we discovered precise pathomechanisms leading from damage of a single gene to a related pathological phenotype. Now, we have just started to explain molecular mechanisms of complex, multifactorial diseases. To achieve these goals, we need permanent development of genetic tests, genomics and proteomics. After fulfilling these conditions, we will get a chance to implement all molecular and genetic hopes, particularly their practical application in the clinic.