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The surface landmarks of the abdominal wall: a plea for standardization
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Submission date: 2013-04-02
Final revision date: 2013-05-20
Acceptance date: 2013-06-19
Online publication date: 2014-06-27
Publication date: 2014-06-30
Arch Med Sci 2014;10(3):566–569
Despite centuries of anatomical studies, controversies and contradictions still exist in the literature regarding the definition, anatomical terminology and the limits of the abdominal wall. We conducted a systematic research of books published from 1901 until December 2012 in Google Books. After the index screening, 16 remaining books were further assessed for eligibility. We decided to exclude journals. The aim of the study was to focus on surface landmarks and borders of the abdominal cavity. After this revision of the literature, we propose that the surface landmarks of the abdominal wall should be standardized.