PHARMACOLOGY AND PHARMACY / BASIC RESEARCH
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Sulodexide (SDX) is used for the treatment of many vascular disorders due to its anticoagulant, anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic properties. However, the detailed molecular mechanism of its endothelioprotective action is still not completely understood. There is increasing evidence suggesting that antioxidant enzymes play an important role in anti-ischemic properties of SDX. We postulate that up-regulation of glutathione-S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) mediated by the transcription factor Nrf2 could be associated with the antioxidant effect of SDX on vascular endothelial cells.

Material and methods:
In the present study, we investigated whether SDX affects GSTP1 and Nrf2 in oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The cells treated with/without SDX (0.5 LRU/ml) were subjected to OGD for 1–6 h. To study the influence of SDX on the Nrf2 nucleus accumulation, the cells were incubated with 0.5 LRU/ml SDX in OGD for 1 h.

Results:
We found that after short-term OGD (1–3 h), the drug increased the expression of both GSTP1 and Nrf2 mRNA/protein in HUVECs (p < 0.05), as determined by real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). SDX treatment also enhanced the nuclear accumulation of Nrf2 in HUVECs after 1 h of OGD (p < 0.05).

Conclusions:
SDX induces a rapid onset of the antioxidant response by up-regulating the expression of GSTP1 and Nrf2 in endothelial cells subjected to in vitro simulated ischemia.

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