Basic research
Enzymatic activity of type 1 iodothyronine deiodinase in selected liver tumors
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Submission date: 2012-08-25
Final revision date: 2013-01-27
Acceptance date: 2013-02-28
Online publication date: 2013-08-20
Publication date: 2014-08-31
Arch Med Sci 2014;10(4):801–805
Introduction: Type 1 iodothyronine deiodinase (D1) converts thyroxin (T4) into tri-iodothyronine (T3). Strong evidence indicates that thyroid hormone metabolism is disturbed in neoplasms such as thyroid and breast cancer. However, there is limited data concerning the function of the D1 enzyme in liver tumors. We aimed to estimate the enzymatic activity of D1 in two different common liver tumors.
Material and methods: We obtained 20 tumor samples from patients who had undergone a liver resection. Of the tissue samples, there were 13 benign lesions of focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) and 7 malignant lesions of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). The D1 activity was assessed by measuring the amount of radioactive iodine released in reaction to D1-catalysed deiodination. Groups were compared by the Mann-Whitney non-parametrical test for independent trials, and the Kruskal Wallis test.
Results: The enzymatic activity of D1 was not significantly altered in the FNH group (median = 536 fmol/mg of protein/min; p = 0.972) and HCC group (367 fmol/mg; p = 0.128) when compared to matched normal liver parenchyma controls (546 fmol/mg and 556 fmol/mg, respectively).
Conclusions: Liver parenchyma expresses high levels of D1. The results clearly revealed that D1 activity was not significantly different between benign and malignant tumors (FNH and HCC) compared to healthy liver parenchyma cells.