Clinical research
Early hemodynamic response to the tilt test in patients with syncope
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Submission date: 2013-03-29
Final revision date: 2013-09-03
Acceptance date: 2013-10-02
Online publication date: 2014-12-22
Publication date: 2014-12-17
Arch Med Sci 2014;10(6):1078–1085
Introduction: Our aim was to evaluate the differences in the early hemodynamic response to the tilt test (HUTT) in patients with and without syncope using impedance cardiography (ICG).
Material and methods: One hundred twenty-six patients (72 female/48 male; 37 ±17 years) were divided into a group with syncope (HUTT(+), n = 45 patients) and a group without syncope (HUTT(–), n = 81 patients). ECG and ICG signals were continuously recorded during the whole examination, allowing the calculation of heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), and cardiac output (CO) for every beat. The hemodynamic parameters (averaged over 1 min) were analyzed at the following points of the HUTT: the last minute of resting, the period immediately after the tilt (0 min), 1 min and 5 min after the maneuver. The absolute changes of HR, SV and CO were calculated for 0, 1, and 5 min after the maneuver in relation to the values at rest (ΔHR, ΔSV, ΔCO). Also, the percentage changes were calculated (HRi, SVi, COi).
Results: There were no differences between the groups in absolute and percentage changes of hemodynamic parameters immediately after and 1 min after tilting. Significant differences between the HUTT(+) and HUTT(–) groups were observed in the 5th min of tilting: for ΔSV (–27.2 21.2 ml vs. –9.7 ±27.2 ml; p = 0.03), ΔCO (–1.78 ±1.62 l/min vs. –0.34 ±2.48 l/min; p = 0.032), COi (–30 ±28% vs. –0.2 ±58%; p = 0.034).
Conclusions: In the 5th min the decrease of hemodynamic parameters (ΔSV, ΔCO, COi) was significantly more pronounced in HUTT(+) patients in comparison to the HUTT(–) group.