Clinical research
Influence of concomitant heparin administration on pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A levels in acute coronary syndrome with ST segment elevation
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Submission date: 2010-09-14
Final revision date: 2010-10-28
Acceptance date: 2010-11-30
Online publication date: 2011-12-30
Publication date: 2011-12-29
Arch Med Sci 2011;7(6):977-983
Introduction : The time course of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) levels was studied at admission, immediately after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and 1, 2, 4, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h after PCI in acute coronary syndrome with ST segment elevation (ACS-STE) to determine the impact of PCI, concomitant clinical complications and heparin administration.
Material and methods : Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A serum levels, examined by the KryptorTM system, were studied in 30 heparinized PCI ACS-STE patients, in 10 elective PCIs and 12 coronary angiographies with heparin, and in 5 patients with normal coronary angiogram without heparin.
Results: Heparin caused a high PAPP-A increase in ACS-STE patients, in all patients with heparin without ACS and angiographic signs of significant atherosclerosis. This increase was directly associated with heparin dosage and activated clotting time (ACT) (r = 0.71, p = 0.0001) and inversely with the interval between heparin applications and time of serum sampling. It was followed by a rapid decrease within 1 to 2 h and return to normal levels in 10 to 12 h. In ACS-STE patients the decrease was significantly slower than in heparinized elective PCI and angiography patients. The PAPP-A increase was not significantly dependent on the length of PCI. Persistent increase after 24 h was associated in 4/7 patients with concomitant clinical complications.
Conclusions : The diagnostic validity of PAPP-A can be verified only within the 1st h after clinical onset of ACS before heparin administration, the prognostic value in heparinized patients not earlier than 12 h after the last heparin application, if ACT is normal and serious clinical concomitant complications are eliminated.
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