Clinical research
Prognostic value of tissue factor in patients with abdominal aortic and iliac arterial aneurysms – preliminary study
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Submission date: 2013-06-12
Final revision date: 2013-08-04
Acceptance date: 2013-08-05
Online publication date: 2013-12-26
Publication date: 2013-12-31
Arch Med Sci 2013;9(6):1071–1077
Introduction: The decision on the time and choice of strategy of treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm must be especially carefully balanced. The aim of the study was to evaluate the tissue factor (TF) plasma level as a potential factor useful in anticipation of abdominal aortic aneurysm and/or iliac arterial aneurysm via comparison of plasma TF level in patients with ruptured and non-ruptured aneurysms.
Material and methods: The study included 33 patients with aneurysm (17 operated on electively because of non-ruptured aneurysm and 16 operated on emergently due to ruptured aneurysm), 33 claudicant patients with atherosclerosis of the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries with normal diameter of arteries, and 30 healthy controls. Plasma TF level was assessed by ELISA method using the IMUBIND Tissue Factor ELISA Kit (American Diagnostica Inc.).
Results: The study showed an increased TF level in patients with aneurysm (134 ±54 pg/ml) and in patients with atherosclerosis without concomitant aneurysm (91 ±30 pg/ml) in comparison with the control group (62 ±20 pg/ml), respectively p < 0.001 and p = 0.008. A significantly higher TF plasma level was observed in patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (160 ±57 pg/ml) as compared to patients with non-ruptured aortic aneurysms (109 ±39 pg/ml) or peripheral arterial occlusive disease (91 ±30 pg/ml), respectively p < 0.001 and p < 0.001. The difference in TF level between the group with non-ruptured aortic aneurysms (109 ±39 pg/ml) and the patients with atherosclerosis without aneurysm (91 ±30 pg/ml) was not statistically significant.
Conclusions: No difference in TF level between patients with non-ruptured AAA/IAA and patients with aortic and iliac atherosclerosis without aneurysm indicates that an increased TF plasma level is not specific for any of the above-mentioned vascular pathologies.