Clinical research
Stimulating preventive procedures in primary care. Effect of PIUPOZ program on the delivery of preventive procedures
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Submission date: 2011-01-11
Final revision date: 2011-04-09
Acceptance date: 2011-04-11
Online publication date: 2012-09-08
Publication date: 2012-08-31
Arch Med Sci 2012;8(4):704–710
Introduction: Educational meetings are one of the most frequently used strategies to change doctors' professional behavior; however, their effectiveness as a single intervention is limited. This study evaluated the effect of a multifactorial intervention, based on interactive workshops, on the GPs' knowledge and the delivery rates of preventive procedures in primary care.
Material and methods: The study population comprised 106 GPs working in the Wielkopolska region recruited to the PIUPOZ program (Improving Quality in Primary Care). The intervention in the program consisted of lectures, interactive workshops and an audit, before and three months after the training. Trained medical students directly observed GPs to register which of 12 studied preventive procedures were performed during the consultation in patients aged 40+.
Results: A total of 1060 consultations were recorded, during which 4899 preventive procedures were delivered: 2115 before and 2784 after workshops. The mean number of preventive procedures per patient before and after workshops was 3.84 and 5.25 respectively (p < 0.0001). The most commonly performed preventive procedures were blood pressure, blood glucose and lipid profile measurement. Mean number of correct answers for 16 questions in the initial knowledge test was 8.7 and 12.7 in the final test (p < 0.0001).
Conclusions: The observed number of delivered preventive procedures was below the recommended range. Preventive procedures based on laboratory tests were performed more often than lifestyle counseling.