Remimazolam tosilate in patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: a multicenter, randomized, dose-exploration, positive-controlled, parallel-group, phase II trial
Su Min 6
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Department of Anesthesiology, Chinese Academy of Medical College and Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China
Clinical Pharmacology Research Center, Chinese Academy of Medical College and Peking Union Medical College Hospital
Department of Anesthesiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
Department of Anesthesiology, Beijing TongRen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
Department of Anesthesiology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing, China
Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
Department of Anesthesiology, Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, China
Department of Anesthesiology, Fuzhou General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command, Fuzhou, China
Department of Anesthesiology, SIR RUN RUN SHAW Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China
Submission date: 2020-04-07
Final revision date: 2020-06-10
Acceptance date: 2020-06-10
Online publication date: 2020-07-13
To assess both the safety and efficacy of different doses of remimazolam tosilate (HR7056) in maintaining suitable sedation during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and the reversibility of HR7056’s sedative effects with flumazenil.

Material and methods:
A total of 156 patients were enrolled and randomly received propofol (group A), 1 of 3 induction doses of HR7056 (8.0 mg (group B), 7.0 mg (group C), 5.0 mg (group D)), or 5.0 mg of HR7056 plus flumazenil (group E). The primary efficacy endpoint was the successful sedation rate. Adverse events (AEs) were recorded to evaluate safety.

Baseline characteristics of patients were well balanced between five treatment groups. For the dose-exploration part, there were no significant difference in successful sedation rate, rates of hypotension and respiratory depression between the four treatment groups. The sedative recovery time in group A was significantly higher than that in group B. The rate of hypoxemia and pain on injection in group A were both significantly higher than those in groups B, C and D. For the flumazenil reversal part, there was no significant difference in the sedative recovery time between group D and group E. The rates of AEs in groups A, B, C, D, E were 40.00%, 29.03%, 16.13%, 6.45%, 6.67%, respectively. There were no serious AEs.

HR7056 was comparable to propofol in safety and efficacy in maintaining sedation during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. HR7056 5.0/2.5 mg-dose (initial dose 5.0 mg, combined with supplemental doses of 2.5 mg) was capable of inducing rapid sedation without the need for flumazenil reversal.

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