Systematic review/Meta-analysis
Systematic assessment of dexmedetomidine as an anesthetic agent: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
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Submission date: 2013-03-06
Final revision date: 2013-05-28
Acceptance date: 2013-06-04
Online publication date: 2014-02-23
Publication date: 2014-02-20
Arch Med Sci 2014;10(1):19–24
Introduction: Here we aimed to study the effectiveness of dexmedetomidine as an anesthetic adjunct in surgery.
Material and methods: A systematic evaluation was performed on published clinical trials. Major databases such as Medline database were employed to search and identify relevant studies and then Rev.Man 5 was used for meta-analysis as well as forest plots. Mean difference (MD) was chosen as the effect size for measurement data, while odds ratio (OR) was calculated for enumeration data.
Results: A total of 18 studies met the inclusion criteria. The postoperative heart rate and mean arterial pressure for the dexmedetomidine group were significantly lower than the control group (combined MDs were –14.12 and –9.96). The incidence rates of postoperative nausea and vomiting, chills, and shivering of the dexmedetomidine group were lower than the control group (pooled ORs were 0.41, 0.21 and 0.14, respectively). However, the occurrence rates of bradycardia and hypotension in the dexmedetomidine group were higher than the control group (pooled ORs were 5.14 and 3.00).
Conclusions: Dexmedetomidine can stabilize blood pressure and heart rate, and prevent postoperative adverse reactions. However, patients with original hypovolemia or heart block should be cautious. Besides, the quality of such studies should be improved in methodology to evaluate their efficacy and safety comprehensively.