Association analysis of the COL1A1 polymorphism with bone mineral density and prevalent fractures in Polish postmenopausal women with osteoporosis
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Submission date: 2014-03-05
Final revision date: 2014-05-30
Acceptance date: 2014-07-05
Online publication date: 2016-04-12
Publication date: 2016-04-11
Arch Med Sci 2016;12(2):288–294
Introduction: Polymorphism in the promoter region of collagen type 1 (COL1A1) +1245G/T (Sp1, rs1800012) was in some studies shown to be relevant for bone mineral density (BMD) and low-energy fracture prediction. The aim of the study was to confirm this finding in a group of postmenopausal women diagnosed with osteoporosis.
Material and methods: We investigated 311 Caucasian women (mean age: 65.2 ±9.39 years) either after low-energy fractures (regardless of the location) or meeting World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for osteoporosis. All patients underwent clinical examination in order to exclude secondary osteoporosis; hip and lumbar spine DEXA was performed (Lunar). The three genotypes of Sp1 polymorphism were determined by RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism).
Results: Distribution of COL1A1 genotypes (SS/Ss/ss) agreed with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. No relation between COL1A1 genotypes and hip/L1-L4 BMD was found. Fractures were reported in 26.3% of women. Prevalence of low-energy fractures, regardless of the type, was 50.0% in ss genotype carriers, 26.4% in SS homozygotes and 23.7% in Ss heterozygotes. There was no statistically significant recessive or dominant effect of any Sp1 genotype on fracture prevalence (p = 0.613).
Conclusions: We failed to observe that COL1A1 Sp 1 genotypes contribute to BMD determination or are associated with prevalent low-energy fractures in a Polish cohort of postmenopausal osteoporotic women.