Basic research
Textural entropy as a potential feature for quantitative assessment of jaw bone healing process
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Submission date: 2012-08-25
Final revision date: 2012-10-18
Acceptance date: 2012-11-18
Online publication date: 2013-03-05
Publication date: 2015-02-28
Arch Med Sci 2015;11(1):78–84
Introduction: The aim of the study was to propose and evaluate textural entropy
as a parameter for bone healing assessment.
Material and methods: One hundred and twenty radiographs with loss of bone architecture were investigated (a bone defect was circumscribed - ROI DEF). A reference region (ROI REF) of the same surface area as the ROI DEF was placed in a field distant from the defect, where a normal, trabecular pattern of bone structure was well visualized. Data of three time points were investigated: T0 – immediately after the surgical procedure, T1 – 3 months post-op, and T2 – 12 months post-op.
Results: Textural entropy as a parameter describing bone structure regeneration was selected based on Fisher coefficient (F) evaluation. F was highest in T0 (3.4) and was decreasing later in T1 (1.7) and T2 (1.0 – means final lack of difference in the structure to reference bone). Textural entropy is a measure of structure disarrangement which in a bone defect region attains minimal value due to structural homogeneity, i.e. low complexity of the texture. The calculated parameter in the investigated material revealed a gradual increase inside the bone defect (p < 0.05), i.e. increase of complexity in a time-dependent manner starting from immediate post-op (T0 = 2.51; T1 = 2.68) up to most complex 1 year post-operational (T2 = 2.73), reaching the reference level of a normal bone.
Conclusions: Textural entropy may be useful for computer assisted evaluation of bone regeneration process. The complexity of the texture corresponds to mature trabecular bone formation.