Blood groups and acute aortic dissection type III
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Submission date: 2015-02-11
Final revision date: 2015-05-10
Acceptance date: 2015-05-25
Online publication date: 2016-05-05
Publication date: 2017-04-20
Arch Med Sci 2017;13(3):597–600
Introduction: Acute aortic type III dissection is one of the most catastrophic events, with in-hospital mortality ranging between 10% and 12%. The majority of patients are treated medically, but complicated dissections, which represent 15% to 20% of cases, require surgical or thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). For the best outcomes adequate blood transfusion support is required. Interest in the relationship between blood type and vascular disease has been established. The aim of our study is to evaluate distribution of blood groups among patients with acute aortic type III dissection and to identify any kind of relationship between blood type and patient’s survival.
Material and methods: From January 2005 to December 2014, 115 patients with acute aortic type III dissection were enrolled at the Clinic of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery in Belgrade, Serbia and retrospectively analyzed. Patients were separated into two groups. The examination group consisted of patients with a lethal outcome, and the control group consisted of patients who survived.
Results: The analysis of the blood groups and RhD typing between groups did not reveal a statistically significant difference (p = 0.220).
Conclusions: Our results indicated no difference between different blood groups and RhD typing with respect to in-hospital mortality of patients with acute aortic dissection type III.