Clinical research
Heart diastolic dysfunction in patients with systemic sclerosis
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Submission date: 2013-06-06
Final revision date: 2013-10-13
Acceptance date: 2013-10-14
Online publication date: 2014-06-27
Publication date: 2014-06-30
Arch Med Sci 2014;10(3):445-454
Introduction: There are limited data on left (LV) and right ventricular (RV) diastolic function in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients especially in relation to biomarkers of matrix remodeling. The aim of the study was to analyze LV and RV myocardial diastolic function in SSc patients at baseline and after at least 1 year of follow-up and its relation to serum tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) level.
Material and methods: We prospectively studied 111 SSc patients (101 female, 10 male, age 54.2 ±13.8 years) and 21 age-matched controls (18 female, 3 male, age 49.3 ±10.5 years). After at least 1 year of observation (3.0 ±1.1 years) we reevaluated 69 of the SSc patients. Transthoracic echocardiography (Philips, iE33) for assessment of LV and RV diastolic function was performed and TIMP-1 serum level was measured.
Results: Impaired LV relaxation was observed in 38 (34%) SSc patients and in 1 (5%) of the controls (p < 0.001). The mean E/A ratio was lower in patients with SSc than in controls (p = 0.002) and significantly decreased after the follow-up period (p = 0.02). Impaired RV relaxation was detected in 25 (22.5%) SSc patients and in 1 (5%) control subject (p < 0.001) but did not deteriorate after follow-up. Mean serum level of TIMP-1 was significantly elevated in the follow-up group compared to baseline examination (p = 0.0001). Serum TIMP-1 level correlated positively with E/E’, both septal and lateral (r = 0.4, p = 0.002 and r = 0.32, p = 0.01).
Conclusions: The LV and RV relaxation is impaired in SSc patients. Moreover, left ventricular diastolic function deteriorated after the follow-up period. The TIMP-1 serum levels correlate with echocardiographic parameters, providing a potent link for LV diastolic function and matrix remodeling in patients with SSc.
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