Clinical research
Transient hyperglycaemia – an underestimated problem of paediatric oncohaematology
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Submission date: 2011-10-17
Final revision date: 2011-12-27
Acceptance date: 2012-02-04
Online publication date: 2012-09-08
Publication date: 2012-08-31
Arch Med Sci 2012;8(4):672–677
Introduction: The majority of hyperglycaemic incidents in oncohaematological patients treated with glucocorticosteroids remain undiagnosed. The aim of our study was to work out a detailed protocol for the control of carbohydrate metabolism and to evaluate whether such a protocol can help in diagnosis of carbohydrate metabolism disturbances in oncohaematological paediatric patients.
Material and methods: A one hundred and twenty-eight children treated for proliferative diseases of the haematopoietic system and severe aplastic anaemia with therapeutic protocols including glucocorticosteroids were divided into two groups. Group I consisted of 70 children, whose blood glucose was evaluated on random occasions (retrospective analysis). Group II consisted of 58 children included in the programme of intensive carbohydrate metabolism control (prospective analysis). We compared the incidence of hyperglycaemia in both groups as well as the number of hyperglycaemic incidents per individual therapeutic protocol.
Results: A significantly higher incidence of transient hyperglycaemia was noted in oncohaematological patients in the programme of early carbohydrate metabolism disturbances diagnosis than in the other group (22.4% vs. 5.7% respectively; p = 0.008), especially in patients treated with the ALL IC-BFM 2002 protocol for the high risk group (arm A and B), the ALL-REZ BFM 2002 protocol, and in a heterogenous group of children (protocols ALCL 99, Euro-LB02, Interfant-06, WPSAA) (p = 0.042, 0.021 and 0.002, respectively).
Conclusions: The improvement of transient hyperglycaemia detection may constitute the first step towards the reduction of unfavourable consequences of hyperglycaemia. Prospective studies are required to demonstrate the influence of normal carbohydrate metabolism on the frequency of infectious complications in this group.