Fenestration closure with Amplatzer Duct Occluder II in patients after total cavo-pulmonary connection
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Submission date: 2015-03-04
Acceptance date: 2015-03-16
Online publication date: 2016-11-28
Publication date: 2017-02-21
Arch Med Sci 2017;13(2):337–345
Introduction: Creation of a fenestration during completion of a total cavo-pulmonary connection (TCPC) has been associated with a reduction in early mortality and morbidity. However, the long-term benefits are negated by an associated limitation in exercise tolerance and the potential risks of thrombo-embolic complications. We sought to describe the safety and efficacy of an Amplatzer Duct Occluder II (ADO II) for transcatheter fenestration closure following TCPC.
Material and methods: Between January 2000 and July 2014, 102 patients underwent percutaneous closure of extra-cardiac TCPC fenestrations with a range of devices. Patients in whom fenestration closure was performed with an ADO II and who had at least 6 months of follow-up were included in this study.
Results: Forty-seven patients had successful fenestration occlusion with an ADO II. The mean oxygen saturation and mean systemic venous pressures increased from 84.8 ±6.1% before to 97.6 ±2.9% (p < 0.001) after and from 14.2 ±2.15 mm Hg before to 15.6 ±2.2 mm Hg after closure (p < 0.001). Eight patients developed heart failure symptoms, managed by optimization of medical therapy, with 1 patient requiring device removal to reopen the fenestration. Color Doppler transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated residual flow across the device in 18 (38%), 10 (22%), 5 (11%) and 4 (9%) patients before discharge, at 1 and 6 months, and at the latest outpatient visit, respectively.
Conclusions: The ADO II can be safely and effectively used to close fenestrations in extra-cardiac type Fontan completions. Many of the design features of this device confer potential benefit in this population.