THYROID DISEASE / BASIC RESEARCH
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Aggressive medullary thyroid carcinomas (MTC) have a high mortality rate and the treatment for patients diagnosed with advanced MTC is comparatively ineffective. We hence aimed to test the effects of miR-376c-3p on MTC and to explore the relevant mechanism.

Material and methods:
Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and soft agar colony formation assay were applied to evaluate the proliferation of transfected MZ-CRC-1 cells. Wound healing and transwell assay were employed to evaluate MTC cell migration and invasion, respectively. Luciferase assay was performed to validate the downstream target of miR-376c-3p in MZ-CRC-1 cells. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect mRNA abundance of key genes. Western blot technique was used to analyze protein levels of HBEGF, E-cadherin, ZO-1, N-cadherin and vimentin.

Results:
MiR-376c-3p inhibited the viability, migration and invasion of MZ-CRC-1 cells. Moreover, miR-376c-3p mimic downregulated expression of N-cadherin and vimentin but upregulated that of E-cadherin and ZO-1 in MZ-CRC-1 cells. Results for the luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-376c-3p was able to bind the 3 untranslated region of heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HBEGF), of which overexpression nearly nullified the miR-376c-3p mimic-induced inhibitory effects in the MTC cells.

Conclusions:
MiR-376c-3p showed suppressive effects on MZ-CRC-1 cells via targeting and downregulating HBEGF, suggesting that miR-376c-3p could potentially be targeted for the treatment of MTC.

eISSN:1896-9151
ISSN:1734-1922