MicroRNA-590-5p represses proliferation of human fetal airway smooth muscle cells by targeting signal transducer and activator of transcription 3
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Submission date: 2017-12-22
Final revision date: 2018-01-22
Acceptance date: 2018-02-07
Online publication date: 2018-03-21
Publication date: 2018-08-07
Arch Med Sci 2018;14(5):1093–1100
Pediatric asthma has remained a health threat to children in recent years. The abnormal proliferation of airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells contributes to airway remodeling during development of asthma. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical regulators of ASM cell proliferation during airway remodeling. miR-590-5p has been reported to regulate cell proliferation in various cell types. However, it remains unclear whether miR-590-5p regulates ASM cell proliferation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential role of miR-590-5p in regulating fetal ASM cell proliferation in vitro stimulated by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF).

Material and methods:
miRNA, mRNA, and protein expression was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot. Cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 and BrdU assays. The target of miR-590-5p was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay.

MiR-590-5p expression was significantly down-regulated in fetal ASM cells stimulated with PDGF (p < 0.05). Overexpression of miR-590-5p inhibited cell proliferation (p < 0.05), whereas the suppression of miR-590-5p promoted cell proliferation of fetal ASM cells stimulated with PDGF (p < 0.05). Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) was identified as a target gene of miR-590-5p. In addition, miR-590-5p negatively regulated STAT3 expression (p < 0.05). Moreover, miR-590-5p also modulated downstream genes of STAT3 including cyclin D3 and p27 (p < 0.05). The restoration of STAT3 significantly reversed the inhibitory effect of miR-590-5p on fetal ASM cell proliferation.

MiR-590-5p inhibits proliferation of fetal ASM cells by down-regulating STAT3, thereby suggesting a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of pediatric asthma.