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Obstructive sleep apnea and hormones – a novel insight
 
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Submission date: 2016-01-24
Final revision date: 2016-05-04
Acceptance date: 2016-06-07
Online publication date: 2016-08-05
Publication date: 2017-06-08
 
Arch Med Sci 2017;13(4):875–884
 
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ABSTRACT
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a disorder characterized by repetitive collapse of the upper respiratory tract during sleep, occurs in about 4% of middle-aged men and 2% of women. The incidence of the disorder is rising due to an increase in obesity and ageing of the population. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea are at elevated risk of some endocrinal and metabolic disorders, which may lead to serious consequences including shortening of life expectancy. The recognition and understanding of interactions between local upper airway dysfunction and its endocrinal consequences is therefore vital. In this review we will focus on the influence of OSA on bone metabolism and endocrine homeostasis.
eISSN:1896-9151
ISSN:1734-1922