Predictive abilities of baseline measurements of fluid overload, assessed by bioimpedance spectroscopy and serum N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, for mortality in hemodialysis patients
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Submission date: 2017-01-11
Final revision date: 2017-02-21
Acceptance date: 2017-03-04
Online publication date: 2017-07-19
Publication date: 2017-08-18
Arch Med Sci 2017;13(5):1121-1129
Introduction: Fluid overload is one of the most important, yet modifiable, risk factors associated with worse outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, its precise assessment in clinical practice is still under investigation.
Material and methods: This is an observational prospective study which included 285 stable patients with end-stage renal disease on standard thrice-weekly HD therapy. Overhydration was assessed by the combination of relative fluid overload (RFO), using bioimpedance spectroscopy, and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). The outcome of interest was all-cause mortality.
Results: The median values for NT-proBNP and RFO were 4595 pg/ml and 6.9%, respectively. We divided the study population into four groups according to these median levels: group 1 – low NT-proBNP and low RFO; group 2 – high NT-proBNP and low RFO; group 3 – low NT-proBNP and high RFO; group 4 – high NT-proBNP and high RFO). During the follow-up (mean: 41.1, median: 48.7 months), 89 (31.2%) patients died. In the univariable Cox survival analysis only patients in group 4, and not those from group 2 or 3, had significantly higher HRs as compared to those in group 1 (HR = 1.5, 95% CI: 0.8–2.8, HR = 1.6, 95% CI: 0.8–2.9 and HR = 2.4, 95% CI: 1.3–4.2, for group 2, 3 and 4, respectively). Furthermore, these results were maintained in the multivariable Cox analysis.
Conclusions: Including both bioimpedance and NT-proBNP monitoring in a more comprehensive fluid status assessment could improve the diagnosis of fluid overload with a final improvement in patients’ outcome.
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