Review paper
Osteoporosis, osteopenia, and atherosclerotic vascular disease
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Submission date: 2010-08-11
Final revision date: 2010-08-12
Acceptance date: 2010-08-12
Online publication date: 2011-03-07
Publication date: 2011-02-27
Arch Med Sci 2011;7(1):21–26
Older women with low bone mineral density (BMD) have a higher prevalence of atherosclerotic vascular disease (coronary artery disease, ischemic stroke, or peripheral arterial disease) than older women with normal BMD. Three coronary angiographic studies have shown that low BMD is associated with obstructive coronary artery disease. Low BMD has been shown to be associated with stress test-induced myocardial ischemia, reduced exercise capacity, and with aortic valve calcification. Women with osteoporosis have an increased risk for cardiovascular events. Treatment of osteoporosis or osteopenia should include therapeutic measures to prevent cardiovascular events.