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Influence of lifestyle on the course of type 1 diabetes mellitus
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Submission date: 2013-01-07
Final revision date: 2013-05-06
Acceptance date: 2013-06-02
Online publication date: 2014-02-23
Publication date: 2014-02-20
Arch Med Sci 2014;10(1):124-134
Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease that requires insulin treatment from the time of diagnosis. Its clinical course depends on both genetic and environmental factors, and the lifestyle of a patient modulates their interaction. The evidence about the influence of lifestyle on the course of T1DM is increasing. In this paper, we present evidence on the relationship between lifestyle parameters and diabetes-related outcomes. We discuss the most commonly addressed factors associated with lifestyle, such as physical activity, nutrition and smoking, and those with sparse evidence in T1DM, such as socioeconomic status, sleep duration, psychological stress and illicit drugs intake.
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