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Dietary and nutraceutical approach to type 2 diabetes
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Submission date: 2012-09-05
Final revision date: 2013-01-02
Acceptance date: 2013-01-31
Online publication date: 2014-05-13
Publication date: 2014-04-30
Arch Med Sci 2014;10(2):336-344
Nutritional medical treatment is the first step to achieve adequate glycemic control and prevent diabetic complications. Lifestyle changes include moderate weight loss (7%) and regular physical activity (150 min/week). The appropriate diet composition is < 30% total fat, < 10% saturated fats, > 15 g/1000 kcal fiber, half soluble, 45–60% of carbohydrates with a moderate intake of sugar (50 g/day) and protein intake of 15–20% of the total calories a day. Patients need to limit the intake of saturated fats to < 7% of the daily calorie intake. Monounsaturated fatty acids such as olive oil and other vegetable oils are recommended. L-carnitine, -lipoic acid, berberine and ω-3 fatty acids can be useful supplements.
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