Surface CD200 and CD200R antigens on lymphocytes in advanced gastric cancer: a new potential target for immunotherapy
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Submission date: 2017-02-28
Final revision date: 2017-05-30
Acceptance date: 2017-09-01
Online publication date: 2018-05-21
Publication date: 2018-10-31
Arch Med Sci 2018;14(6):1271–1280
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. The membrane glycoprotein CD200, widely expressed on multiple cells/tissues, uses a structurally similar receptor (CD200R), delivering immunoregulatory signals. There is evidence that CD200/CD200R signaling suppresses anti-tumor responses in different types of malignancies. Little is known about the CD200/CD200R pathway in GC. The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequencies of CD200+ and CD200R+ lymphocytes in patients with GC.

Material and methods:
Forty patients primarily diagnosed with GC and 20 healthy volunteers (control group) were enrolled. The viable peripheral blood lymphocytes underwent labeling with fluorochrome-conjugated monoclonal antibodies and were analyzed using a flow cytometer.

In the GC group, the percentages of T CD3+, CD3+/CD4+, and CD3+/CD8+ cells expressing CD200 antigen were higher than in the control group (p < 0.00013, p < 0.0004, and p < 0.0006, respectively). In the GC group, the frequencies of T CD3+, CD3+/CD4+ and CD3+/CD8+ cells expressing CD200R were lower than in the control group (p < 0.0009, p < 0.004, and p < 0.002, respectively). The percentage of B CD19+/CD200+ lymphocytes was higher in GC patients than in the control group (p < 0.00005). Lower frequency of B CD19+/CD200R+ cells was observed in GC patients compared to the control group (p < 0.0001). No differences in the frequencies of CD200+ and CD200R+ lymphocytes were found in relation to either UICC stage or histological grading of the tumors.

For GC pathogenesis, deregulation of the CD200/CD200R axis is important. High percentages of lymphocytes with CD200 expression may contribute to the continuous T cell activation and development of chronic inflammation and influence gastric carcinogenesis.