Basic research
Effect of an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker on caveolin-1 expression in prostate cancer cells
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Submission date: 2011-09-22
Final revision date: 2012-01-09
Acceptance date: 2012-02-13
Online publication date: 2012-10-08
Publication date: 2013-08-31
Arch Med Sci 2013;9(4):739–744
Introduction: Caveolin-1, the major structural protein of caveolae, interacts directly with the AT1 receptor. The biological functions of caveolin-1 in cancer are compound, multifaceted, and depend on cell type, tumour grade and cancer stage. The AT1-R-caveolin complex in caveolae may coordinate angiotensin II (Ang II) induced signalling. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the angiotensin II receptor type 1 blocker candesartan on caveolin expression in human metastatic prostate adenocarcinoma cells PC-3.
Material and methods: WST-1 and BrdU assays were used as indicators of cell viability and proliferation after angiotensin II and/or candesartan stimulation. Real-time RT–PCR and western blot were used to study the effect of Ang II and/or candesartan on the expression of Cav-1 and AT1-R in PC-3 cells
Results: We found that the expression of caveolin-1 mRNA in the PC-3 cells treated with CV was significantly decreased in comparison with the control (2.9 ±0.17, 4.7 ±0.6, p < 0.05), whereas a higher caveolin-1 mRNA expression was observed in those after Ang II treatment (6.0 ±0.43, 4.7 ±0.6, p < 0.05). Protein analysis indicate that the expression of caveolin-1 protein in the PC-3 cells treated with candesartan was significantly decreased when compared with the control (0.69 ±0.05, 1.6 ±0.12, p < 0.05), whereas higher caveolin-1 protein expression was observed after Ang II treatment (2.5 ±0.20, 1.6 ±0.12, p < 0.05).
Conclusions: These results provide new information on the action of candesartan and may improve the knowledge about AT1 receptor inhibitors, which can be potentially useful in prostate cancer therapy.