Clinical research
Hypotensive effect of atorvastatin in hypertensive patients: the association among flow-mediated dilation, oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction
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Submission date: 2011-03-29
Final revision date: 2011-08-11
Acceptance date: 2011-08-19
Online publication date: 2011-12-30
Publication date: 2011-12-30
Arch Med Sci 2011;7(6):955-962
Introduction: To investigate the hypothesis that atorvastatin decreases blood pressure (BP) values and improves endothelial function assessed by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in normolipidaemic hypertensive patients.
Material and methods : Fifty-six hypertensive patients were randomized in a 2 : 1 proportion to atorvastatin (80 mg/day/3 months; group A; n = 39) or previous standard anti-hypertensive therapy (group B), which means the patients were treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, diuretics, -blockers, calcium antagonists and angiotensin receptor blockers. The study had a crossover design: after 3 months, both groups were changed (group A* stopped and group B* started atorvastatin treatment). Nitric oxide (NO), total antioxidant status (TAS), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and peroxide concentrations as well as FMD were measured before, after 3 and after 6 months of treatment. Atorvastatin added to existing treatment decreased BP in both groups.
Results : Flow-mediated dilation improved in both statin-treated groups, but only significantly in group B* (from 11.9 ±8.3% to 22.1 ±9.0%; p < 0.05). In patients with FMD improvement, there was a greater BP reduction. After treatment discontinuation, FMD significantly decreased (from 19.6 ±12.6% to 13.0 ±10.5%; p < 0.05), which was consistent with BP increase. Changes in FMD were not significantly related to the increase in NO and TAS concentrations and decrease in ET-1 and peroxides measurements.
Conclusions : The hypotensive effect of atorvastatin is associated with FMD improvement in normolipidaemic, hypertensive patients. Although this could be related to changes in oxidative stress and endothelial function, this was not demonstrated in this study and warrants further investigation.
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