Clinical research
Prognostic factors in radical cystectomy affecting survival
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Submission date: 2011-06-07
Final revision date: 2011-09-27
Acceptance date: 2011-10-02
Online publication date: 2012-09-08
Publication date: 2012-08-31
Arch Med Sci 2012;8(4):650–654
Introduction: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic factors in radical cystectomy affecting survival.
Material and methods: A total of 100 hundred patients were included in the study. Incontinent diversion was applied to 73 of these, and continent diversion to 27. Prospective and retrospective data of the patients were examined. The prognostic value for survival was evaluated for of lymph node involvement, tumor grade (low grade: grade 0-II, high grade: ≥ III or epidermoid carcinoma), tumor stage (low stage: stage pT0-2, high stage: stage ≥ 3a pT3a), presence of preoperative unilateral of bilateral hydronephrosis, presence of preoperative uremia (serum urea value: ≤ 60), and age (> 70 and ≤ 70 years of age) on survival were investigated. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Log-Rank statistical methods were used in the study.
Results: Grade, stage, uremia, and lymph node involvement had significant effects on survival (p values 0.0002, 0.03, 0.01, and 0.02, respectively). Presence of preoperative hydronephrosis and age had no statistically significant effects on survival (p values 0.8 and 0.2, respectively).
Conclusions: Tumor grade, tumor stage, preoperative uremia, and lymph node involvement are prognostic factors affecting survival. Advanced age and presence of preoperative hydronephrosis have no prognostic value for survival. The presence of uremia in the preoperative assessment of the patients is more important than hydronephrosis.