Comparison of results of endovascular stenting and bypass grafting for TransAtlantic Inter-Society (TASC II) type B, C and D iliac occlusive disease
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Submission date: 2014-05-11
Final revision date: 2014-07-13
Acceptance date: 2014-07-19
Online publication date: 2016-04-12
Publication date: 2016-04-11
Arch Med Sci 2016;12(2):353–359
Introduction: The priority use of endovascular techniques in the management of aortoiliac occlusive disease has increased in the last decade. The aim of the present article is to report 1- and 2-year results of iliac artery stenting (IAS) and aortoiliac grafting in the management of patients with TASC II type B, C and D iliac lesions and chronic limb ischaemia.
Material and methods: In this prospective, non-randomised, one-centre clinical study, iliac artery stents and vascular grafts used for the treatment of patients with symptomatic lesions in the iliac artery were evaluated. This study enrolled 2 groups: 54 patients in the stent group and 47 patient in the surgery group.
Results: The primary patency rates at 1 and 2 years were 83% and 79.9% after IAS and 97.1% and 97.1% after surgical reconstruction, respectively (p = 0.015). The assisted primary stent patency at 1 and 2 years was 87.9% and 78.2%, respectively. The complication rate was 7.4% in the stent group and 6.3% in the surgery group. There was no perioperative mortality in either group.
Conclusions: Our results reveal that patients with severe aortoiliac occlusive disease (TASC II types B, C and D) can be treated with IAS or surgically with satisfactory results. Iliac artery stenting is associated with decreased primary patency compared with the surgery group. Iliac artery stenting should be considered with priority in elderly patients or in patients with severe comorbidities.