Disturbances in apoptosis of lamina propria lymphocytes in Crohn’s disease
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Submission date: 2013-07-08
Final revision date: 2013-09-04
Acceptance date: 2013-10-04
Online publication date: 2015-12-11
Publication date: 2015-12-17
Arch Med Sci 2015;11(6):1279–1285
Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the potential mechanisms providing resistance to apoptosis of lamina propria lymphocytes (LPL) directlyin intestinal tissues from patients with Crohn’s disease (CD).
Material and methods: Fifty CD patients were enrolled in the study. The control group consisted of healthy patients who underwent surveillance colonoscopy after endoscopic polypectomy. Each CD patient underwent colonoscopy with tissue sampling from inflamed areas of the colon with the assessment of immunohistochemical expression of active caspase 3, Fas, tumour necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1), Bcl-2, Bax, CD4 and CD8. This was compared with healthy intestinal mucosa.
Results: The expression of active caspase 3 was significantly lower in LPL in CD (0.4 ±0.3 vs. 2.8 ±1.5; p = 0.0002). A statistically significant increase of CD4 and CD8 positive cells was noted in CD (2.3 ±0.5 vs. 1.2 ±0.2, p < 0.0001; 2.1 ±0.3 vs. 1.1 ±0.3, p < 0.0001, respectively). It was associated with a significant increase of the Bcl-2 (6.7 ±2.7 vs. 2.9 ±0.8; p < 0.0001) and a decrease of the Bax protein expression (3.4 ±2.1 vs. 5.5 ±1.8; p < 0.0001) in CD. The expression of Fas and TNFR1 did not differ between the study groups.
Conclusions: LPL in CD are resistant to apoptosis when compared with physiological conditions. This is probably due to an imbalance in Bcl-2 family proteins. TNFR1-related pathway is probably not involved in disturbances of LPL apoptosis in CD.