Enhanced healing and anti-inflammatory effects of a carbohydrate polymer with zinc oxide in patients with chronic venous leg ulcers: preliminary results
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Submission date: 2015-01-23
Final revision date: 2015-07-14
Acceptance date: 2015-08-01
Online publication date: 2018-02-21
Publication date: 2018-02-28
Arch Med Sci 2018;14(2):336–344
Introduction: Insufficient wound healing related to chronic inflammation of chronic venous leg ulcers (CVUs) represents an important public health problem. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a carbohydrate polymer with zinc oxide therapy on CVUs.
Material and methods: Forty patients with CVUs were recruited for this study and were divided into a study group and control group. Patients In the study group were instructed to use venous compression treatment andtopical carbohydrate polymer with zinc oxide twice daily, while patients In the control group were treated with only venous compression treatment. All patients were followed up for 8 weeks. Peripheral blood samples and biosy tissue specimens were obtained at the initiation of treatment and after 8 weeks to assess serum levels of inflammatory cytokines as well as the percentage of leukocytes, T-helper cells, cytotoxic-T cells, macrophages and endothelial cells in the biopsy tissue using flow cytometry.
Results: A significantly greater reduction in the mean percentage ulcer area from baseline to eight weeks was observed in the study group (up to 40% for large ulcers). Furthermore, the patients in the study group had reduced systemic levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-8 (p = 0.0028) and IL-6 (p = 0.0302), fewer total CD45+ cells (p = 0.0038) and more CD31+ cells (p = 0.045) present in ulcer biopsies compared to the control group.
Conclusions: The carbohydrate polymer with zinc oxide treatment with venous compression enhances healing of CVUs and improves quality of life due, in part, to its anti-inflammatory properties.