Factors influencing P terminal force in lead V1 of the ECG in hemodialysis patients
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Submission date: 2015-09-02
Final revision date: 2015-11-16
Acceptance date: 2015-11-17
Online publication date: 2017-02-22
Publication date: 2018-03-07
Arch Med Sci 2018;14(2):257-264
Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a highly prevalent arrhythmia in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and an HD session may be a trigger for AF episodes. An abnormal P-terminal force in lead V1 (PTFV1) may predict new-onset AF in HD patients. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of the HD process on PTFV1 and to evaluate possible factors influencing PTFV1 in a group of selected HD patients.
Material and methods: One hundred and fifty-three selected HD patients entered the study. Blood chemistry, electrocardiography, and impedance cardiography were evaluated before and after HD. Echocardiography was performed on the morning after dialysis. Abnormal PTFV1 was defined as PTFV1 > 40 mm × ms.
Results: Abnormal PTFV1 was found in 35.3% of patients before dialysis and in 48.4% of patients after dialysis. The results of multiple regression analysis revealed that the independent predictors of pre-dialysis abnormal PTFV1 were: left atrial volume index (p = 0.002), left ventricular mass index (p = 0.014), and pre-dialysis thoracic fluid content (p = 0.021) values. The independent predictors of HD-induced abnormal PTFV1 values were larger differences between pre-dialysis and post-dialysis values of serum potassium (p < 0.001) and mean arterial pressure (p = 0.008).
Conclusions: Abnormal PTFV1 is prevalent in HD patients. The HD process adversely affects PTFV1 values. Pre-dialysis abnormal PTFV1 is mainly associated with structural heart abnormalities and hydration status. HD-induced abnormal PTFV1 is associated predominantly with serum potassium changes as well as HD-induced hypotension. Our results suggest possible risk factors for AF; however, their clinical significance needs to be confirmed in follow-up studies.
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