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Integration of medical therapy and mechanical circulatory support in the management of acute heart failure
 
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Submission date: 2015-01-10
Acceptance date: 2015-02-01
Online publication date: 2015-05-21
Publication date: 2016-10-20
 
Arch Med Sci 2016;12(6):1317–1323
 
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ABSTRACT
Acute heart failure is still characterized by poor prognosis with high mortality. Diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms and hemodynamic measurements. Early coronary revascularization in cardiogenic shock complicating myocardial infarction improves outcome. The further contemporary therapeutic options in the management of acute heart failure are limited to a merely symptomatic effect with relief of dyspnea, reduction of volume overload and improvement of hemodynamic parameters by vasodilators (in hypertension) or inotropic and vasopressor agents (in hypotension). However, so far no medical therapy has been shown to positively affect clinical outcomes of patients with acute heart failure. Early identification of impending circulatory collapse coupled with rapid implementation of mechanical circulatory support may contribute to mortality reduction as a combined concept of the management of acute heart failure.
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ISSN:1734-1922