LncRNA PCAT-1 upregulates RAP1A through modulating miR-324-5p and promotes survival in lung cancer
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Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medicine University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Submission date: 2018-12-11
Final revision date: 2019-02-18
Acceptance date: 2019-02-26
Online publication date: 2019-04-05
Publication date: 2020-08-06
Arch Med Sci 2020;16(5):1196–1206
Lung cancer is the malignant tumor with the fastest increase in morbidity and mortality and the greatest threat to human health and life. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is emerging as an important regulator in many cancers. Recently, it was found that lncRNA prostate cancer associated transcript 1 (PCAT-1) was up-regulated in lung cancer, playing oncogenic roles. However, the underlying regulatory mechanism of PCAT-1 remains unknown.

Material and methods:
The expression levels of PCAT-1 and miR-324-5p were analyzed by real-time PCR, and RAP1A expression was determined by western blotting. RNA pull-down, luciferase and western blotting assays were used to examine the target relationship between PCAT-1 and miR-324-5p or that between miR-324-5p and RAP1A. The functional effects of PCAT-1 and miR-324-5p were examined using cell viability and cell apoptosis assays.

PCAT-1 overexpression remarkably promoted cell proliferation and suppressed cell apoptosis. Mechanistic investigations demonstrated that PCAT-1 can interact with miR-324-5p and repress its expression, thereby increasing the expression of its target RAP1A. Additionally, rescue experiments revealed that PCAT-1 served as an oncogene partly through sponging miR-324-5p and upregulating RAP1A in lung cancer cells.

Our findings demonstrate that on account of the dual function of pro-proliferation and anti-apoptosis, PCAT-1/miR-324-5p/RAP1A may be novel candidates for application in the diagnosis, prognosis and therapy of lung cancer.