Review paper
Neonatal ventilatory techniques – which are best for infants born at term?
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Submission date: 2010-08-05
Final revision date: 2010-09-21
Acceptance date: 2010-10-18
Online publication date: 2011-07-11
Publication date: 2011-06-29
Arch Med Sci 2011;7(3):381–387
Few studies have examined ventilatory modes exclusively in infants born at term. Synchronous intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) compared to intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) is associated with a shorter duration of ventilation. The limited data on pressure support, volume targeted ventilation and neurally adjusted ventilatory assist demonstrate only short term benefits in term born infants. Favourable results of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) in infants with severe respiratory failure were not confirmed in the two randomised trials. Nitric oxide (NO) in term born infants, except in those with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), reduces the combined outcome of death and requirement for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). In infants with severe refractory hypoxaemic respiratory failure, ECMO, except in infants with CDH, reduced mortality and the combined outcome of death and severe disability at long-term follow-up. Randomised studies with long term outcomes are required to determine the optimum modes of ventilation in term born infants.