This study aims to provide an overview and analysis of the global disease burden of non-melanoma skin cancer using data from the GBD 2019 database.

Material and methods:
This study utilized the global GBD 2019 disease data. The data was categorized into various subgroups based on region, socio-demographic index (SDI), country, gender, and age. We analyzed Incidence Cases, Incidence Rate, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), DALY Rate, as well as age-standardized indicators and their annualized percent change (EAPC).

The global burden of non-melanoma skin cancer exhibited an increasing trend from 1990 to 2019. The EAPC for age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) was 1.13, and the EAPC for age-standardized DALY rate was 0.20. Geographic variations were observed, with the most substantial increase in ASIR observed in High-income North America (EAPC: 2.20), and a significant increase in age-standardized DALY rate in Central Asia (EAPC: 2.32). Countries with high SDI had the highest ASIR and showed the most significant increasing trend (EAPC: 1.97). Overall, the burden of disease for non-melanoma skin cancer increased in all countries globally from 1990 to 2019. The EAPC for incidence cases, DALYs, and ASIR was greater than 0 in almost all countries worldwide, indicating an overall increasing trend.

The global disease burden of non-melanoma skin cancer exhibited significant increasing changes from 1990 to 2019. Several countries in Asia, Africa, and North America experienced a severe disease burden.

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