EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH
Effects of ivabradine on ventricular electrophysiological remodeling after myocardial infarction in rats
 
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1
Department of General Medicine, Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China
2
Department of Cardiology, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital and Fujian Provincial Institute of Coronary Disease, Fuzhou, China
3
Medical Insurance Office, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, China
Submission date: 2020-07-10
Final revision date: 2020-10-13
Acceptance date: 2020-10-22
Online publication date: 2020-11-23
 
 
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ABSTRACT
Introduction:
This study aims to investigate the effects of ivabradine (IVA) on ventricular electrophysiological remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) in rats.

Material and methods:
A total of 60 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups: an MI group, an IVA group, a metoprolol (MET) group, an IVA + MET group, and a sham group. After a four-week intervention, the ventricular electrophysiological parameters were detected by multichannel electrophysiological polygraph. Then, the morphological characteristics were evaluated using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Masson’s staining, and the expression of phosphorylated connexin 43 (p-Cx43) in the left ventricular wall was detected through immunohistochemistry and the Western blot test.

Results:
The electrophysiological examination revealed that the induction rate and fatality rate of ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF) were lower in both the IVA and the MET group, compared with the MI group (6/12, 6/12 vs. 10/11; and 1/12, 1/12 vs. 5/11; all p < 0.05), as well as the IVA + MET group (1/11 vs. 10/11, p < 0.01; and 1/11 vs. 5/11, p < 0.05). The induction rate of VT/VF was lower in the IVA + MET group, compared to the MET group (1/11 vs. 6/12, p < 0.05). H&E and Masson’s staining revealed that compared with the MI group, the left ventricular infarction area was lower in the IVA, MET, and IVA + MET groups (p < 0.05, p < 0.05, and p < 0.01, respectively), while collagen volume fraction (CVF) also was lower in the other groups (all p < 0.01). The left ventricular infarction area and CVF both were lower in the IVA + MET group, compared to the MET group (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively). The immunohistochemistry and Western blot revealed that p-Cx43 expression was higher in the treatment groups, compared with the MI group (all p < 0.01).

Conclusions:
IVA can reduce the incidence of ventricular arrhythmia after MI in male rats by improving both structural and electrical remodeling, and the combination of IVA and MET is even more effective.

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ISSN:1734-1922