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Pulmonary manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease
 
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Submission date: 2013-06-18
Final revision date: 2014-01-02
Acceptance date: 2014-01-03
Online publication date: 2015-12-11
Publication date: 2015-12-17
 
Arch Med Sci 2015;11(6):1179–1188
 
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ABSTRACT
Bronchopulmonary signs and symptoms are examples of variable extraintestinal manifestations of the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). These complications of Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) seem to be underrecognized by both pulmonary physicians and gastroenterologists. The objective of the present review was to gather and summarize information on this particular matter, on the basis of available up-to-date literature. Tracheobronchial involvement is the most prevalent respiratory presentation, whereas IBD-related interstitial lung disease is less frequent. Latent and asymptomatic pulmonary involvement is not unusual. Differential diagnosis should always consider infections (mainly tuberculosis) and drug-induced lung pathology. The common link between intestinal disease and lung pathology is unknown, but many hypotheses have been proposed. It is speculated that environmental pollution, common immunological mechanisms and predisposing genetic factors may play a role.
eISSN:1896-9151
ISSN:1734-1922