ONCOLOGY / BASIC RESEARCH
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), a class of regulatory RNA molecules, are over 200 nucleotides long and could be used as a new potential biomarker, but their detection methods such as qRT-PCR are still not validated, and the influence of RNA degradation on lncRNA quantification is not clear. In this study, commercially available cDNA synthesis kits were tested and the influence of RNA degradation was compared.

Material and methods:
Total RNA from FaDu cells was isolated and high quality RNA and highly degraded RNA samples were used. Reverse transcription was performed using three different commercially available kits and quantifications were performed using lncRNA Primer Plate and SYBR Green I Master by LightCycler 96. qRT-PCR was performed using three different cDNA samples and results are presented as the mean Ct values. A p-value < 0.05 was considered to be significant.

Results:
Lower lncRNA Ct values (61/90; 67.78%) after qRT-PCR quantification were observed for cDNA synthesized using random hexamer primers preceded by polyA-tailing and adaptor-anchoring steps. It was observed that 9/90 (10.00%) lncRNAs were not detectable using different cDNA synthesis methods. For 75/90 (83%) lncRNAs, RNA degradation weakly influenced lncRNA Ct values and no differences were observed between high quality RNA and degraded samples. Seventy percent of examined lncRNAs showed significantly different Ct values depending on RNA degradation.

Conclusions:
cDNA synthesis kits with random hexamer primers preceded by polyA-tailing and adaptor-anchoring steps allows enhancement of lncRNA quantification specificity and sensitivity. In most cases degradation of RNA samples does not affect lncRNA quantification because these molecules have good stability.

eISSN:1896-9151
ISSN:1734-1922