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The impact of nutrition in urogenital cancers
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Submission date: 2013-02-21
Final revision date: 2013-03-22
Acceptance date: 2013-03-24
Online publication date: 2015-04-23
Publication date: 2015-04-30
Arch Med Sci 2015;11(2):411-418
Prostate, bladder and kidney cancers remain the most common cancers of the urinary tract. Despite improved primary prevention, detection and treatment, the incidence of age-related cancers of the urinary tract is likely to rise as a result of global population ageing. An association of diet with prostate, bladder and kidney carcinogenesis is plausible since the majority of metabolites, including carcinogens, are excreted through the urinary tract. Moreover, large regional differences in incidence rates of urologic tumours exist throughout the world. These rates change when people relocate to different geographic areas, which is suggestive of a strong environmental influence. As a result of these observations, numerous studies have been conducted to assess the effects of diet and nutritional status in kidney, bladder and prostate carcinogenesis. Here, we review the literature assessing the effect of diet and nutritional status on urological cancer risk, which has attracted the most interest.
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