Hsa_circ_0017728 as an oncogene in gastric cancer by sponging miR-149 and modulating the IL-6/STAT3 pathway
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School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China; Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Submission date: 2019-03-23
Final revision date: 2019-05-28
Acceptance date: 2019-06-03
Online publication date: 2019-08-20
Arch Med Sci 2022;18(6)
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been identified as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) to mediate gene expression participating in the progression of multiple cancers, including gastric carcinoma (GC). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms by which circRNAs-modulated cell proliferation and apoptosis in GC had not been completely clarified. In our study, hsa_circ_0017728 as a potential oncogene competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) was investigated in the progression and development of gastric carcinogenesis.

Material and methods:
High-throughput sequencing was used to determine differentially expressed circRNAs in GC tissues and corresponding non-cancerous tissues. The CCK-8 assay and Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/polyimide (Annexin V-FITC/PI) staining were performed to detect the cell viability and apoptosis in GC cells. In addition, gene expression and protein levels in GC tissues and cell lines were measured using RT-qPCR and western blotting, respectively.

Our results demonstrated that the hsa_circ_0017728 expression level was up-regulated in GC tissues and cell lines and closely associated with poor overall survival and pathological differentiation, higher TNM stage and lymph node metastasis. Knockdown of hsa_circ_0017728 had the ability to cause inhibition of cell proliferation and migration and elevate the cell apoptosis rate in GC cells. We also discovered that hsa_circ_0017728 might serve as a ceRNA to sponge miR-149 and indirectly regulated the IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway in GC cell proliferation and apoptosis.

The regulatory network of hsa_circ_0017728/miR-149/IL-6/STAT3 cascade signaling might provide a better understanding of gastric carcinogenesis and progression.