DIABETOLOGY / CLINICAL RESEARCH
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Molecular docking as a versatile theoretical method was used to investigate the biological activities of anthraflavic acid in the presence of -amylase. The outcomes revealed that anthraflavic acid has a considerable binding affinity to the enzyme with a docking score of –7.913 kcal/mol. These outcomes were further evaluated with free binding energy calculations, and it was concluded that anthraflavic acid could be a potential inhibitor for -amylase.

Material and methods:
Anthraflavic acid was explored in anti-human breast carcinoma tests. The in vitro cytotoxic and anti-breast carcinoma effects of biologically synthesized anthraflavic acid against MCF-7, CAMA-1, SK-BR-3, MDA-MB-231, AU565 [AU-565], and Hs 281.T cancer cell lines were assessed. In the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, the anti-breast carcinoma properties of anthraflavic acid could significantly kill the MCF-7, CAMA-1, SK-BR-3, MDA-MB-231, AU565 [AU-565], and Hs 281.T cancer cell lines in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Also, we used human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) to determine the cytotoxicity potentials of anthraflavic acid using MTT assay.

Results:
The IC50 values of anthraflavic acid were 159, 193, 253, 156, 241, and 218 µg/ml against MCF-7, CAMA-1, SK-BR-3, MDA-MB-231, AU565 [AU-565], and Hs 281.T cancer cell lines.

Conclusions:
It seems the anti-human breast carcinoma effect of recent nanoparticles is due to their antioxidant effects.

eISSN:1896-9151
ISSN:1734-1922