CARDIOLOGY / STATE OF THE ART PAPER
Gut microbiota and the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease
Pavel Skok 1, 2  
,   Kristijan Skok 3, 4  
 
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1
University Medical Centre Maribor, Slovenia
2
Medical Faculty, University of Maribor, Slovenia
3
Institute of Pathology, LKH Graz II, Austria
4
Institute of biomedical sciences, Medical Faculty, University of Maribor, Slovenia
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Kristijan Skok   

Institute of Pathology, LKH Graz II, Göstinger Straße 22, 8020, Graz, Austria
Submission date: 2020-05-16
Final revision date: 2020-08-30
Acceptance date: 2020-09-02
Online publication date: 2021-03-21
 
 
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ABSTRACT
In recent years, significant findings with respect to the association of the gut microbiota and various human diseases have been discovered. The diversity can be explained by a multitude of interactions between intrinsic and environmental factors that are unique to each individual. This uniqueness of the microbiota may explain why some individuals are more prone to develop cardiovascular diseases. Gut dysbiosis plays a significant role in various pathophysiological processes. It can be postulated that health is linked to the homeostasis of the gastrointestinal microbiota. We provide an overview of diagnostic procedures to determine the microbiota’s composition, the mechanisms of microbiota interactions and some effects of the microbiota on the development of cardiovascular diseases.
eISSN:1896-9151
ISSN:1734-1922