CLINICAL RESEARCH
The effects of three kinds of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on postoperative pain and on the serum levels of tumour necrosis factor-α and substance P in paediatric patients following orthopaedic hip surgery
,
 
,
 
,
 
,
 
,
 
,
 
,
 
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Nursing, The Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Shanxi, China
2
Department of Nursing, Fenyang College of Shanxi Medical University, Shanxi, China
3
Department of Orthopedics, The Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Shanxi, China
Submission date: 2020-03-03
Final revision date: 2020-05-08
Acceptance date: 2020-05-24
Online publication date: 2020-07-13
 
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
This study aims to compare the safety and efficacy of three commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce levels of serum tumour necrosis factor- (TNF-α) and substance P in children after orthopaedic hip surgery.

Material and methods:
Ninety children were randomised into three groups (A, B, and C) of 30 patients each. After surgery, ketorolac tromethamine injections were given to patients in group A, ibuprofen suspensions were given to patients in group B, and acetaminophen suppositories were given to patients in group C. Pain and sedation scores were determined after 30 min and at 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, and 24 h. Inflammatory factors, including serum TNF-α and substance P, were measured before, immediately after, and 24 h after surgery.

Results:
The treatment was effective for pain relief and sedation in all three groups. The venous blood levels of TNF-α and substance P in all groups increased after the operation but decreased after 24 h, and this was statistically significant (p < 0.05). These levels significantly decreased in group A, the ketorolac tromethamine group, when compared to groups B and C, but the difference was not statistically significant. In terms of the incidence of adverse reactions, the level in group C was lower than that in group A and group B (p < 0.05).

Conclusions:
NSAIDs are effective for analgesia after orthopaedic hip surgery in children 1 to 3 years old. However, ketorolac tromethamine is preferred because it can significantly and effectively reduce serum levels of TNF-α and substance P in patient serum and causes fewer adverse reactions.

eISSN:1896-9151
ISSN:1734-1922